Epub ahead of print: Krokavcova et al. Employment status and perceived health status in younger and older people with multiple sclerosis. Int J Rehabil Res. 2011 Dec 1.
Background: This study explores how employment is associated with perceived physical and mental health status in MS’ers adjusted for sociodemographic and clinical variables stratified by age.
Methods: The sample consisted of 184 MS’ers divided into a younger (<45 years) and an older (≥45 years) age group. Respondents underwent an interview, a neurological examination for EDSS, and completed the Short Form-36 Health Survey.
Results: Of the respondents (mean age 40.5±6.2 years), 43.5% were employed. Significant differences between younger and older patients were found in employment, EDSS, disease duration, and five Short Form-36 Health Survey dimensions. Block-step multiple regression explained 32.4% of the variance in physical health and 14.5% in mental health in the younger group. Being employed was significantly related to good physical health, whereas EDSS diminished the effect of being employed on physical health. The most important variable for mental health was employment status in the younger group. For the older age group, 19.1% of the variance in physical health and 14.0% of the variance in mental health was explained by the studied variables. Male gender and a lower EDSS were significant explanatory variables of better physical health. Male gender significantly explained mental health in the older age group.
Conclusion: Employment status was an explanatory variable for physical health and mental health in the younger patients. EDSS played a significant role in physical health for all patients. A vocational rehabilitation program could prevent eventual nonemployment and improve health outcomes in older MS people.
“The conclusions are obvious; I wish the government would listen to them. At the moment services are being brutally cut across the country. What are we going to do?”